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Travel Guide to Pereslavl, Russia


By Varia Makagonova
Russia Travel Expert, about.com
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The Russian city of Pereslavl is located between Moscow and Yaroslavl on the shores of Lake Pleshcheeva, into which flows the river Trubezh. The city is the administrative center of the Pereslavsky district, located 130 kilometers northeast of Moscow, and lies within the Golden Ring. The city's name translates roughly translates to "adopt glory."


History
Pereslavl was founded by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky in 1152, and Pereslavskoe principality established in 1179. The city experienced the invasion of the Tatars in 1408 and was taken by the Polish-Lithuanian invaders in 1608. In the 16th century the city belonged to the sixteen major cities of Russia. In 1693, Tsar Peter I created a flotilla on Lake Pleshcheyevo that was the beginning of the creation of the Russian fleet.

Pereslavl was en route from Moscow to Arkhangelsk and was of great importance in trade with Western Europe. The Pereslav Principality was attached to Moscow, and strongly influenced the struggle for the unification of feudal Russia.


Main Attractions[post_ads_2]
  • The 12th century Transfiguration Cathedral, the earliest of the white stone monuments in Northeast Russia, is the architectural gem of Pereslavl. Building began in 1152 and was completed in 1157. In the second half of the 12th century, the interior of the church was repainted with frescoes of "The Last Judgment" and "The Virgin on the Throne."
  • The city of Pereslavl boasts  six monasteries, four of them in active use. Some of them include the Nicholas Monastery built in 1350, the old Gleb Monastery, closed in 1764, the Fedorovskiy monastery founded in the 16th century (Prior to 1667, the Fedorovskiy monastery was for males and later became the largest nunnery), the Danilov Monastery, founded in 1508. Monasteries Novodevichy Goritskii and Candlemas were closed in 1744 and 1764. respectively. Goritsky Monastery now houses a historical museum, which contains archaeological treasures and various folk arts and crafts. Candlemas Novodevichy Convent was preserved by the Cathedral of the Presentation of Our Lady of Vladimir and Alexander Nevsky Church and was re-opened in 1998.
  • The Museum "The Little Boat of Peter" is also located in the city, and its exhibitions tell the early history of the Russian flotilla and how it was created in the 18th century.
  • The city has two unusual museums. There is a museum with a collection of irons, as well as various tools for washing and ironing. Another museum has an exhibition of locomotive history. Here you can ride on an old train car or trolley.

How to get there
The nearest airports to Pereslavl are located in Moscow and Yaroslavl. 
The nearest train station to Pereslavl is Berendeevo about 15 km by railroad from Moscow – Yaroslavl.

By bus: every two hours a bus leaves Petrovsk Rostov and Sergiev Posad for Pereslavl.  Bus routes № 1,3 and 6 go through the city from south heading north along the old road by Goritsky Monastery.
It is generally advised to take the bus from Moscow or travel by car from Yaroslavl.

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Travel Magazine: Travel Guide to Pereslavl, Russia
Travel Guide to Pereslavl, Russia
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